Separation of Lactoferrin from Human Saliva Using Monolithic Disc
O. Zitka, S. Skalickova, S. Krizkova, M. Vlkova, V. Adam, R. Kizek
Chromatographia (2013) 76:611-619
In this study, we optimized method for the isolation and detection of lactoferrin from human saliva using 3 mm short monolithic disc. We optimized the conditions for separation as flow rate 4 mL min-1 and ionic strength of effluent as 2 M·NaCl. We estimated limit of detection of whole method, which was hyphenated to the Bradford’s assay, down to 100 ng mL-1. The purity of the isolated fractions was verified by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and recovery of isolation was found to be 51 % using minimally processed sample of saliva. Further, we tested the optimized method on group of healthy volunteers (n = 7). We were able to distinguish between the healthy subjects and subject suffering from celiac disease, which reported at least 2.5× higher level of lactoferrin in comparison to healthy ones. The results were correlated with standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit with obtained correlation coefficient R2 = 0.8446. Analysis of lactoferrin in saliva by monolithic disc and subsequent offline photometric detection is faster and cheaper method compared to ELISA commercial kit. The total analysis of one sample takes.