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Monolithic Micro-Immobilized-Enzyme Reactor with Human Recombinant Acetylcholinesterase for On-Line Inhibition Studies

M. Bartolini, V. Cavrini, V. Andrisano

Journal of Chromatography A, 1031 (2004) 27–34(2004) 27–34

The development and characterization of a human recombinant acetylcholinesterase (hrAChE) micro-immobilized-enzyme reactor (IMER), prepared by using an in situ immobilization procedure is reported. hrAChE was covalently immobilized on an ethylenediamine (EDA) monolithic convective interaction media (CIM) disk (12mm x 3mm i.d.), previously derivatized with glutaraldehyde. The optimal conditions for the immobilization were: 12 μg of enzyme dissolved in 800 μl of phosphate buffer (50 mM, pH 6.0). The mixture was gently agitated overnight at 4 °C. The resulting Schiff bases were reduced by cyanoborohydride and the remaining aldehydic groups were condensed with monoethanolamine. Under these conditions, 0.22 U of hrAChE were immobilized with retention of 3.0% of the initial enzymatic activity. The activity of the immobilized hrAChE was stable for over 60 days. The activity and kinetic parameters of the hrAChE micro-IMER were investigated by inserting the micro-IMER in a HPLC system and it was demonstrated that the enzyme retained its activity. The micro-IMER was characterized in terms of units of immobilized enzyme and best conditions for immobilization yield. IMERs were compared for their relative enzyme stability, immobilized units, yield and aspecific matrix interactions. The effect of AChE inhibitors was evaluated by the simultaneous injection of each inhibitor with the substrate. The relative IC50 values were found in agreement with those derived by the conventional kinetic spectrophotometric method. In comparison with previously developed AChE-based IMERs, AChE monolithic micro-IMER showed advantages in terms of reduction of analysis time (2 min), lower aspecific matrix interactions and lower backpressure. Included in a HPLC system, it can be used for the rapid screening of new compounds’ inhibitory potency. The advantages over the conventional methods are the increased enzyme stability and system automation which allows a large number of compounds to be analyzed in continuous.

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